Disease prevention

Here’s What You Need To Know About Monkeypox

What Happens If You Get Monkeypox?
Credit UC Davis Health

Monkeypox is a zoonotic disease, which means it can be transmitted from animals to humans. The most common way to contract monkeypox is through contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected animal. Monkeypox can also be spread through close contact with an infected person, such as through touching or kissing. It can also be spread through contact with objects that have been contaminated with the virus, such as bedding or clothing.

The best way to prevent monkeypox is to avoid contact with infected animals and to practice good hygiene. If you think you have been exposed to the virus, you should seek medical attention immediately.

What is monkeypox?

Monkeypox is a rare viral disease that is similar to human smallpox. The monkeypox virus is found in wild animals, such as monkeys, and can be passed to humans through contact with an infected animal or person. The most common symptoms of monkeypox are fever, headache, muscle aches, backache, swollen lymph nodes, chills, and exhaustion. A rash may also develop, starting on the face and chest and spreading to the rest of the body. The rash starts out as small red bumps that turn into blisters filled with pus. The rash can be very itchy.

The monkeypox virus can cause a mild to severe illness, with symptoms including fever, headache, muscle aches, and a rash. Monkeypox is considered a serious public health threat because it can spread easily from person to person and there is no specific treatment or vaccine available.

How is monkeypox spread?

Monkeypox is most commonly spread through contact with the skin of an infected animal, typically a monkey or rat. It can also be spread through contact with contaminated bedding or clothing.

In rare cases, monkeypox may be spread through the air, usually when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

Treatment for monkeypox

There is no specific treatment for monkeypox, but people with the disease should receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms. This can include taking pain relievers, staying hydrated, and getting plenty of rest. In severe cases, people may need hospitalization to receive oxygen or intravenous fluids. There is also a small risk of death from monkeypox, so people with the disease should be monitored closely by a healthcare provider.

Prevention of monkeypox

Monkeypox is a zoonotic disease, meaning it can be transmitted from animals to humans. The primary mode of transmission is through contact with the skin or bodily fluids of an infected animal, typically a monkey or ape. In Africa, where the disease is most common, people often come into contact with infected animals while hunting or preparing bushmeat.

There is no specific treatment for monkeypox, and the best way to prevent the disease is through vaccination. The smallpox vaccine is effective in preventing monkeypox, and there are also vaccines available for both humans and animals that can help to prevent the spread of the disease. Additionally, avoiding contact with wild animals and practicing good hygiene can help to reduce the risk of exposure to monkeypox.

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